Life in the Anacostia Neighborhood, circa 1945

These photos were snapped by Frank R. Jackson, a photographer who documented Black life in and around the Anacostia Neighborhood his family called home during the 1940s. In each of them, his son Jack “Jackie” Jackson poses with his bike, gazing at the camera with a confident smile. In the final photo, Jackie poses with a friend the museum’s notes identify as Earl Stroud. Some cursory sleuthing brought me to an obituary for a local Earl Stroud, who passed away last year.

Going through these archives, encountering this obituary, thinking about the history behind these images, causes me to wonder about connections. The possible connection between the young Earl in the photo and the man who recently passed. The black and white photos make history like this feel far away, but it is still around us—in people who lived it, and its impact on our city and our lives today.

The Anacostia Community Museum has dozens of boxes containing Jackson’s photographs, which are historical artifacts that can give us a sense of what daily life was like for Black folks in the 1940s. Sometimes our collective imagination struggles to comprehend Black experiences in terms unrelated to civil rights. This fact is broadly true of fever pitch moments in history, such as the 1940s. However, life encompasses more than the historical events we append to these dates. These photos, which show kids being themselves, are a reminder.


Jackson, Frank R. Jack on his bike, circa 1945. Photograph. Washington, DC: from the Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Frank R. Jackson Papers. https://sova.si.edu/details/ACMA.06-068#ref838

Jackson, Frank R. Jack on his bike, circa 1945. Photograph. Washington, DC: from the Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Frank R. Jackson Papers. https://sova.si.edu/details/ACMA.06-068#ref839

Jackson, Frank R. Jack and Earl Stroud with their bikes, circa 1945. Photograph. Washington, DC: from the Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Frank R. Jackson Papers. https://sova.si.edu/details/ACMA.06-068#ref836

Keith Jackson Remembers the Industry

It’s an early February afternoon in Woodridge, DC. Cold rain mixes with the leftover snow on the ground, melting it into the storm drains all along Rhode Island Avenue NE. Locals make last minute runs to Zeke’s Coffee, but the benches in Chuck Brown Park sit empty underneath the shower. Not far from each of these, nestled between a soul food restaurant and a church, rests an unassuming white building. A broken light-box sits above the door, but the A-frame sign on the sidewalk in front says “Gearin’ Up Bicycles.”

This space hasn’t always been the home of Gearin’ Up, a Black-owned bicycle repair shop and non-profit. In fact, it was once a bakery and sandwich shop. Then it sat empty for a decade, but you wouldn’t know it.

Keith Jackson smiling.

Inside, rows of bikes hang from wall shelves, while even more of them are lined up across the floor. Behind them, bins of spare parts line shelves that extend into the back of the open floor plan. Workbays occupy the left half of the warehouse-like space, where two mechanics in the back chatter while performing repairs.

In a workbays toward the front of the building, Keith Jackson takes a road bike down from the workstand. He brings his face in close, moving around it while he inspects his work. He ends by jotting some notes down on a clipboard.

Keith has been a mechanic for over twenty years. The importance of this work doesn’t jump out if you’re not sure where to look. When you look, it’s hard to miss. Hard to forget. But Keith has had his eyes on it for a while. “I’ve been in the bicycle industry since the mid 90s and in that time, I can count the number of Black people who were in management positions on one hand,” he says. “And I’m probably going to have two or three fingers left over.”

Gearin’ Up Bicycles has a mentorship program that tends to draw Black teens and young adults through a pipeline of change funneling toward perceptions on Black folks and biking. For Keith, that starts not with the riders, but with the companies manufacturing and selling bicycles. 

Understanding his perspective requires a trip back in time, prior to his tenure at Gearin’ Up–even before his time as a contractor with the Environmental Protection Agency.

“Why aren’t we properly represented in terms of managing, executive jobs, buyers, and doing all that other stuff in the business?”

Keith grew up in Teaneck, New Jersey, where he got started racing BMX bikes in middle school. “Snake Valley BMX Track. It was a nonprofit, started by a police officer who went and saw some BMX races and saw that it might be a good way to keep some of the young brothers off the street. So he went to the town and got a BMX track built in the local park. It was a five minute bike ride from my house.”

He took part in a few national events, but sort of drifted away from it shortly before attending the University of Maryland, where he majored in mechanical engineering.

A close up of the handlebars of Keith Jackson's BMX bike

After graduating he secured a job as general manager at a shop that restored vintage cars. During the interview, he noticed bikes hanging from the rafters. The crew did lunch rides at Hains Point. This encounter brought Keith back to biking. The rides left him sore and beat up. He also remembered how much he loves riding his bike.

Things really changed in 1992, when Keith became assistant manager of Bikes USA. “That’s really when I started thinking about it from a bigger perspective,” he tells me. “I never looked at the bigger world of cycling and what that meant until I worked with Bikes USA.”

Working his way up in this and other biking organizations, Keith noticed a disparity in the industry’s racial representation. An industry that has run into numerous challenges in attempting to foster a genuine connection with Black communities. The issues making up these challenges–from the lack of Black people in management to a skewed geographical distribution of shops–begin with the companies selling the one thing necessary for the ride. Their corporate structures were, and still are, predominately white, interchanging forms of non-whiteness for one another.

Through wry laughter and moist eyes, Keith recounted an experience in which a corporate bike manufacturer sent over a Sikh representative who owned up to similar experiences. But they sent the brownest person on staff. The situation encapsulates a problem that applies down the industry’s chain: from corporate offices, to bike retailers and their shops. 

“That was the thing that always gnawed at me. Why aren’t we properly represented in terms of managing, executive jobs, buyers, and doing all that other stuff in the business. That’s when I really started to see there was a bigger problem.”

Keith Jackson gestures with a gloved hand.

Remember, this is the 90s, and DC is supposed to be Chocolate City. At this point in time, the city itself is still almost 70% Black. Not only that, but the population density of the city itself was on par with the region as a whole. 

Consider that.

These bastions of Black joy organize local rides and the thrill that can come from riding a bike, whatever that looks and feels like for them.

White flight continued through this time and, despite having a majority Black population, that population was not reflected in the makeup of those offering services to the community. It wasn’t that these companies and businesses didn’t give Black folks a chance. Yet, their stringent job requirements for mechanic positions often left people out of the running and with the inability to get the requested experience.

This creates a familiar feedback loop. Someone doesn’t have the experience for the role, so they can’t get their foot in the door. They can’t get that experience because there aren’t many opportunities to do so.

What’s at stake here concerns the economic outcomes tied to decision-making power and their impact on Black experiences in the United States. When highways were created in the 1950s, they were intended to funnel people to the city from newly-created suburbs. In the process, public planners engaged in a process known as redlining, which gutted Black communities by building highways through them. The impacts continue to reverberate throughout Black communities.

The rise of the automobile is directly tied to this process, and the creation of highways increased automobile ownership through induced demand, creating another loop of its own. We can only wonder whether having Black mechanics, engineers, and policy-makers in the room would have resulted in different conclusions.

For ten years, Gearin’ Up has stepped up to that problem, mentoring young Black kids from DC. That mission is even part of what motivated them to move to the new location, to serve communities that aren’t being reached. “I think it’s important for young people to know it’s the bike industry. It doesn’t stop here.” Keith waves his hand at the shop.

Keith brought to Gearin’ Up a set of educational resources to standardize teaching practices. They also outline the skills starting mechanics need to break into the industry. So not only do his mentees get an opportunity, they get a chance as well. Some have gone to pursue degrees in mechanical engineering and obtain jobs in the bike industry themselves.

A sign in the Gearin' Up shop that reads "Tell your story"

Gearin’ Up Bicycles is more than just a bike shop. Yes, it’s a place of mentorship, but it is also part of a Black history still present. One also encompassing the ride clubs that have popped up since the 90s, like Black Women Bike, Black Girls Do Bike, We Ride DC, and Streets Calling DC. These bastions of Black joy organize local rides and the thrill that can come from riding a bike, whatever that looks and feels like for them.

Other Black-owned bike shops have been established too. But there are still only a handful in the region, such as Buna Bicycles, Patapsco Bicycles, and Jafe Cycling. 

“We’re it,” Keith says curtly.

None of that mitigates any of the work being done by these folks, and its place in DC history. Just the opposite. Gearin’ Up just celebrated its tenth anniversary and continues to expand its reach to DC’s Black communities. My time with Keith is brief but impactful. The way I imagine a young mentee with their whole lives ahead of them might feel after a summer program.

Only time will tell how they fit into this history themselves, but Keith’s influence sparks hope.

Chronicling the Black bicycling experience in the DC region

Five Howard University students riding bikes
NMAH Archives Center Scurlock 618 Carton 103 Caption: Howard U. bicyclists, Oct. 1947.

Happy Black History Month, folks! 

February is the time we in the US and Canada remember the struggle and victories of the Black diaspora. The practice goes back to historian Carter G. Woodson, who began it as Negro History Week in 1926. It wouldn’t become a month-long celebration until February 1970, when Black educators and students at Kent State University held their own celebration that inspired others. It took off across the country.

Black History encompasses so much more than enslavement, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights struggles of the 1960s. I like to use the month to celebrate the spirit and ingenuity of my ancestors: those in my family tree and all those to whom I look for guidance and inspiration.

That is why I’m excited to share a new project with you, a story series about Black folks and biking in our region. My colleague, Jonathan Stafford and I will be conducting and publishing interviews with people who have deep ties to this area. 

Some are advocates at our Black partner organizations, who’ve long had a finger on the pulse of communities in the region. Others are bike mechanics and former messengers who can offer a first-person account of the biking industry. Still others are historians who can offer some context for the community-oriented stories I’m excited to share with you. Finally, we’ll offer some ways of looking to the future of our region and racial justice, in light of these stories.

Storytelling is valuable in its own right— our goal is to share some stories that might otherwise go untold. But, this project also aims to give us all a better understanding of the history informing how we think about our work.

Narratives are broad: societal, organizational, cultural. Stories are about people.

My title here at WABA is Communications Coordinator but a storyteller is who I am. However, I don’t think any words have been used by nonprofits more (or understood less, for that matter) than “storytelling” and “narrative.” While these buzzwords are often used interchangeably, they do refer to different things. The distinction is pedantic, but also important.  

Stories have a protagonist that is usually a person. Often, there is an antagonist who stands in the way, presenting a challenge to overcome. But it isn’t a thematic overview of your brand or organizational identity. Narratives are big things, a set of beliefs, dispositions, or ideas composed of individual stories.

Narratives are broad: societal, organizational, cultural. Stories are about people. That’s my goal for this project: To elevate stories that challenge, supplement, or contextualize our shared narratives about transportation, bicycling, and justice.

While Black History Month is the place we initiate telling these stories, we have no intention of stopping there. This will kick off something we plan to keep at, all year. Hopefully longer.

I hope this project will explore all of the intersectional spaces whose stories are too often excluded from our narratives. My hope is also to bring in others better equipped to represent these experiences–from Women’s History and Hispanic Heritage, to Disability Rights, Seniors in Cycling, and beyond.

Are you someone with long historical ties to biking and transportation in the DC region? Do you know someone who is? Places to look for information? I would love it if you’d reach out to me at jonathan.kincade@waba.org

Everyone deserves the chance to tell their own story. Because no one can represent it in the way someone who has lived it.