Post-Summit Community Session (In Person)

The 2022 Washington Regional Vision Zero Summit was just last week, and we’ve already started planning for next year’s event! Help us identify what subjects and perspectives in this year’s programming were important to you, and what we should focus on next year.

Free Food will be provided.

Food and drink provided.

Everyone is welcome and encouraged to attend, even if you missed this year’s Summit.

Each year, the Vision Zero Summit creates a space for advocates, elected officials, and transportation professionals to have frank and focused conversations about how to make our streets safer. These planning sessions help WABA make sure that those discussions are informed by the priorities of our communities, so stop by and share what you think is important!

Post-Summit Community Session (Online)

The 2022 Washington Regional Vision Zero Summit was just last week, and we’ve already started planning for next year’s event! Help us identify what subjects and perspectives in this year’s programming were important to you, and what we should focus on next year.


Dinner’s on us—we’ll have Uber Eats vouchers.

Everyone is welcome and encouraged to attend, even if you missed this year’s Summit.

Each year, the Vision Zero Summit creates a space for advocates, elected officials, and transportation professionals to have frank and focused conversations about how to make our streets safer. These planning sessions help WABA make sure that those discussions are informed by the priorities of our communities, so stop by and share what you think is important!

2022 Vision Zero Summit Recap

On Tuesday, September 13th WABA hosted the 6th annual Washington Region Vision Zero Summit. 

The event featured a number of panels (You can find the full agenda here!) and two keynote sessions. 

Our morning keynote speaker Jennifer Boyd shared multiple clips with us from The Street Project, her documentary about the international safe streets movement. We talked about the history of pedestrian blame, speed and street design elements that can help drivers slow down, the history of safe streets protests, and what it means to have democratic streets that are safe for all. We also examined how to tell the story of Vision Zero as we think about how to build widespread support.

In our afternoon keynote session, Jessie Singer examined the structural issues at play when it comes to who is most impacted by traffic violence, and recognized that the language we use is powerful. She also talked about how we can use the information that we know about traffic violence to impact change.

A great big thank you to all of our panelists:

  • Cheryl Cort, Policy Director, Coalition for Smarter Growth
  • Sonya Breehey, Fairfax Families for Safe Streets and Coalition for Smarter Growth
  • Jennifer Cooper, Steering Committee Member, D.C. Families for Safe Streets
  • Kea Wilson, Senior Editor of Streetsblog USA
  • Jordan Pascale, Transportation Reporter, WAMU
  • Scott Brodbeck, Founder and CEO, Local News Now
  • Jesse McGowan, Multimodal Transportation Planner Coordinator, Montgomery County Planning Department
  • Tiffany Smith, Program Manager, Vision Zero Network
  • Robert Mandle, Deputy Executive Director, National Landing Business Improvement District
  • Andrea Lasker, Vision Zero Coordinator, Prince George’s County
  • Zachary Bishop, Planner, Prince George’s County
  • Sydney Walker, Communications Assistant, Prince George’s County
  • Mike Doyle, Founder, Northern Virginia Families for Safe Streets
  • Gillian Burgess, Steering Committee Member, People Before Cars Coalition
  • Malaika Scriven, VP of Planning & Development, National Landing Business Improvement District
  • Ron Thompson, Transportation Equity Network Organizer, Greater Greater Washington (as a moderator)
  • Faith Walker, Executive Director, RVA Rapid Transit 
  • Jane Lyons, Maryland Advocacy Manager – Coalition for Smarter Growth 
  • Max Richman, Ward 7 Representative to the DC Bicyclist Advisory Council (DC BAC)

Throughout the day, our panelists emphasized that getting to safe streets will require a multi-pronged approach involving safe road users, safe vehicles, safe speeds, safe roads, and post-crash care. 

Watch the sessions below: 

2022 Membership Drive

WABA members are at the forefront of our fight for a transportation system that works for everyone in the region. Your membership allows us to achieve our mission of empowering people to ride bikes, build connections and transform places.

Celebrate our 50th year and join WABA or renew your membership during our 2022 Fall Membership Drive, September 20th – October 3rd, and take advantage of some additional membership perks and discounts that are only available during the drive! This includes: 

  • a NEW WABA 50th Anniversary sticker and entry into a WABA merch giveaway for EVERY new member or renewal, 
  • Discounted Classic membership ($60/year or $6/month discounted through October 3 to $50/year or $5/month), 
  • First access to the new 50th Anniversary WABA merchandise

For more information on the perks and discounts included with your WABA membership, visit our Membership FAQ.

In celebration of our 50th year, help us grow our membership. Refer 3 of your friends, family, coworkers, or other people in your network to become WABA members, we will extend your membership for another year. Once they have joined, send an email to membership@waba.org with their names and we will take care of the rest. 

Our Pay-What-You-Can Membership model, gets you a YEAR-LONG membership for ANY personally meaningful contribution you make. You read that right, ANY donation you make to WABA at any amount will get you a year-long membership!

Because of the strong support from our members, WABA celebrated a variety of major victories this year, moving towards our vision of  a region where biking, walking, and transit are the best ways to get around. Here are a few of those victories:

  • On May 26, the Montgomery County Council voted 9-0 to add $10.7 million to the Capital Budget to fund the construction of:
    • A 1.3 mile protected bike lane on Cherry Hill Road
    • Two new Neighborhood Greenways in Wheaton;
    • One new Neighborhood Greenway in SIlver Spring;
    • Three new Neighborhood Greenways in Langley park; &
    • An additional $2m in planning for other tier one Bicycle Master Plan projects.
  • As a part of our on-going campaign to complete a low-stress bike network in Washington, DC, the installation of the eastern downtown protected bike lane (DC) has begun and is set to be complete by next Spring. This project and many other projects are set to be installed because advocates organized and thousands of people took action. 
  • Arlington County released its final plans detailing the Crystal City Bike Network alignment, and their implementation timeline for delivering these improvements have been published on the project website
  • The Virginia Passenger Rail Authority (VPRA) shared plans for the Long Bridge Project during a public meeting on June 22nd. WABA has been invested in the effort to build a better Long Bridge for over a decade, standing alongside the more than 1,400 community members who submitted comments on the project.
  • Fairfax County is updating and combining the Bicycle Master Plan and the Countywide Trails Plan into the ActiveFairfax Transportation Plan. Active transportation means self-propelled, mostly human-powered travel including walking, biking, rolling (scooter, wheelchair, stroller), hiking, running, and riding for transportation and recreational purposes.
  • On May 10, 2022, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors unanimously endorsed the Safe Streets for All Program, a comprehensive initiative to address systemic transportation safety issues for people walking, biking and using other forms of active transportation.
  • WABA has taken a role in the Transportation Equity Network, bringing underrepresented voices to the table on transportation issues at the intersection of climate change. 
  • On June 8, WABA and former Executive Director Ludwig Gaines, headed to Capitol Hill to testify before the U.S House Highways and Transit subcommittee! The hearing focused on Federal Highway Administration’s safety programs and how new funding and policy changes made by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act could help to stem the startling rise in traffic deaths over the last few years. 
  • Planners for two of the Capital Trails Coalition’s top priority trails projects — a bike and pedestrian span alongside the future Long Bridge between Arlington, VA and Washington, DC and the South Capitol Street Trail in DC’s Ward  8 — received word that they had been granted $30 million through the U.S. Department of Transportation’s extremely competitive FY22 Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) program.
  • Numerous transformative DC budget victories from last year including: a legislative act that will create a dedicated funding source for the Vision Zero Bill and future bike and pedestrian projects, and dedicated funding for the Connecticut Avenue NW Protected Bike Lane, the 9th Street NW Protected Bike Lane, for expanding and developing our Trails Network, and for expanding the DC Trail Ranger Program – which means year-round staff for trail outreach and maintenance. 
  • And much more! Read more about WABA’s advocacy initiatives and wins so far this year in our Summer Advocacy Round-Up blog post.

We have a lot more that we would like to accomplish in the coming years:

  • completing the Capital Trails Network,
  • building a Low Stress Network in DC,
  • furthering our work with the DC Transportation Equity Network, and much, much more–including, of course, going on some great bike rides together.

Join or renew your membership today to get us there!

Our Pay-What-You-Can Membership model, gets you a YEAR-LONG membership for ANY personally meaningful contribution you make. You read that right, ANY donation you make to WABA at any amount will get you a year-long membership!

If you’re already a WABA member, thank you!  When you renew during this drive, you will get all of the perks and we’ll extend your membership for one year. Or drop us a line at membership@waba.org and you can gift a membership to a friend or a new rider. For more information or to get your questions answered about WABA membership, visit our Membership FAQ page, or send an email to membership@waba.org. Check out our WABA Store! For your member discount for the WABA store, email membership@waba.org.

A new partnership between WABA and Bike Maryland

Bike Maryland (“BikeMD”)  and the Washington Area Bicyclist Association (“WABA”) are pleased to announce a new collaborative partnership to further strengthen ties between the two groups.  The following are a few of the selected items under a memorandum of understanding both groups signed on August 28, 2022:

  • WABA will provide staff level and volunteer support for Bike MD’s leading role in Maryland-wide advocacy for improved conditions for all who bicycle and walk in the State.  This includes setting legislative priorities and strategies for BikeMD’s advocacy;
  • BikeMD and WABA will together evaluate BikeMD’s website and social media platforms and establish a plan to bring all content current, provide regular updates, and share relevant information with one another;
  • BikeMD, with WABA’s assistance, will recruit new BikeMD board members, including adding at least one board member from Prince George’s County, plus adding other board members that will diversify BikeMD’s board geographically, gender-wise and racially; &
  • Together, the two organizations will develop future plans for BikeMD’s budget, membership recruitment and annual planning overall.

BikeMD and WABA look forward to this collaboration and for BikeMD to mount successful grassroots organizing, legislative, educational and programmatic efforts to serve all who bike and walk in the State of Maryland.

In the coming days, BikeMD and WABA will be rolling out its board recruitment outreach efforts, and we look forward to recruiting new members to join a board that is ready to transform the transportation system in MD. Please contact chair@bikemd.org for more information. 

Peter Gray, BikeMD Interim Board Chairperson

Joshua Feldmark, BikeMD Board Vice Chairperson

Nigel Samaroo, BikeMD Secretary

Kathleen Hayes, BikeMD Treasurer

Jeremiah Lowery, WABA Advocacy Director

Bellringer

A brand new, fully supported ride promising a one-of-a-kind weekend of cycling, food, music, and celebration. Every dollar raised will fund cancer research at Georgetown Lombardi. Register to ride 25, 50, or 100 miles.

RAISE Grants fund two critical trail projects

Great news! Two of the Capital Trails Coalition’s top priority trails projects will receive $30 million in funding through the U.S. Department of Transportation’s extremely competitive FY22 Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) program: 

The Long Bridge Bike-Ped Span

The Virginia Passenger Rail Authority (VPRA) will receive $20M to build a new bicycle and pedestrian bridge across the Potomac River between Long Bridge Park in Arlington, VA and East and West Potomac Parks in Washington, DC. This new bike/pedestrian span, part of the larger Long Bridge rail expansion project, will create a safer and more accessible way for residents and visitors to cross the river. This is the culmination of over a decade of advocacy alongside more than 1,400 community members like you who called on our transportation leaders to include accommodations for people who walk and bike as part of this once-in-a-generation bridge project. Early concept designs released this summer are encouraging but have room for improvement, and your support will enable WABA to continue to fight to ensure the project is sufficiently wide to ride and connected on either side.

The South Capitol Street Trail

The District Department of Transportation (DDOT) was awarded $10M to move forward a 3.8 mile walking and biking trail along South Capitol Street SE in DC’s Ward 8, extending the Anacostia Riverwalk Trail network and providing a connection to the Oxon Hill Farm Trail in Prince George’s County, MD. This new trail fills a crucial gap in the low-stress network and will give residents in Ward 8 and across the region a new low-stress option for commuting and access to green spaces. WABA has been on the ground helping organize community members to call for improvements to the South Capitol Street corridor and throughout the underserved neighborhoods east of the Anacostia River, and this successful grant demonstrates the power of that grassroots activism towards transportation equity.

WABA also congratulates Prince George’s County on their award of $20.5M for the New Carrollton Multi-modal Transportation System Project that will include a new train hall, sidewalks, bike lanes, enhanced signalization, and traffic calming improvements. This project will improve safety and increase accessibility for the community, improving the County’s on-street low-stress bicycle and pedestrian network. Transit-oriented development complements trails to create sustainable and walkable communities, and that future starts with bold projects like this.

While we celebrate

While we celebrate, we know there’s more work to do to keep up the momentum for continued expansion of the low-stress network. Of the nearly 900 miles of trails in the Capital Trail Network, there are still more than 400 planned miles to build. We need your support today to keep up the fight for more and better trails throughout our region. 

These grants are a huge step forward for our region’s trail network, but game-changing funding like this doesn’t happen out of the blue. Advocates like you have spoken up for these trails over and over, in petitions, emails, and public meetings. Our staff and coalition partners have worked with a tangle of state and federal agencies for more than ten years to move these projects forward. We can’t organize that support or dismantle those bureaucratic barriers without your help.

Chip in today to build out the trail network!

We’re Hiring: Trail Ranger Associate Director

Do you enjoy connecting people and communities to the outdoors? Can you cultivate a thriving, efficient team? Would you win a staring contest with an Excel spreadsheet? 

We’re looking for an organized, compassionate networker to be WABA’s Trail Ranger Associate Director. 

The Team

The Trail Ranger Associate Director is part of WABA’s Programs Team. The fourteen-person team runs WABA’s outreach, education, and trails maintenance programs. The DC Trail Ranger program consists of the Associate Director, DC Trail Rangers, and Outreach and Operations Managers. The Associate Director reports to WABA’s Programs Director.

WABA’s DC Trail Ranger Program aims to make the District trails welcoming and inclusive to all residents, frequently used, and in a state of good repair. The program encourages trail use through daily trail presence, trail maintenance, trail user assistance, and community engagement. Trail Rangers cover paved multi-use trails within the District, including the Metropolitan Branch Trail, Anacostia River Trail, Marvin Gaye Trail, Oxon Run Trail, I-295 Trail and connecting street routes. You can learn more about the Trail Ranger Program here.

The Job

The Associate Director manages and implements the DC Trail Ranger program. 

  • Provide technical and budget oversight, lead on grant deliverables and outcomes.
  • Develop, implement, and evaluate progress towards program strategy, annual budgets, and work plans. 
  • Ensure accurate and timely grant reporting and invoicing.
  • Lead a team of eight Trail Ranger staff, with a lens towards managing for diversity, equity, and inclusion.
  • Support staff development, professional skills and experience, maximize impact and managing risk. 
  • Direct risk management reporting, evaluation and training to ensure safe programs.
  • Facilitate collaboration across team and organization.
  • Develop WABA’s networks and relationships with other nonprofit organizations, businesses, elected public officials, governmental agencies and community leaders in the trail corridors and beyond. 
  • Represent WABA at public speaking engagements, conferences, and on coalitions, including the Capital Trails Coalition, to advance our outreach partnerships and opportunities.
  • Collaborate on regional trails advocacy for current and future trails.    

Required Qualifications

You should apply if you meet at least 75% of the following:

  • At least five years of program management experience.
  • At least three years of full-time experience mentoring, developing, and evaluating employees.
  • At least three years of experience managing a field operations program. 
  • Experience developing, managing and analyzing program budgets.
  • Proven track record for working collaboratively within and across teams.
  • Excellent writing, presentation and public speaking skills, including excellent communication skills in informal settings and across lines of difference.
  • A strong commitment to WABA’s mission, vision, and diversity, inclusion and equity goals, including a nuanced understanding of how race, gender, and other factors shape conversations and experiences, and how climate and transportation justice are connected to a trails program. 
  • The ability to ride a bike, with a willingness to ride in mixed city traffic and off-street trails.

The Trail Ranger Associate Director must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 pursuant to Mayor’s Order 2021-099, Section II and Mayor’s Order 2021-147, Section VI, or be eligible for an exemption as defined by the District of Columbia Mayor’s Order 2021-099, Section III.

Useful experience and skills

If you have this experience or these skills, let us know. You don’t need them to be considered for the position, but you should be eager to learn:

  • Experience with government grant program management and reporting.
  • Creative problem-solving skills and capacity to innovate.
  • Lived experience with our program trails, and the nearby neighbors and neighborhoods, especially near Marvin Gaye and Oxon Run trails.
  • Experience building connections and relationships trail communities and organizations.
  • Experience engaging and navigating federal and local government agencies, including DC government and National Park Service. 
  • Experience with paved multi-use trail or park maintenance operations. 
  • Experience with urban watershed restoration and management. 
  • Trained or formal experience with mid-Atlantic ecology, and invasive and native plant identification. 
  • Experience with Google Suite (Gmail, Chat, Drive, Sheets, Docs) and Salesforce.
  • Working fluency in Spanish, ASL and/or Amharic.

Benefits

  • Full-time employment. Fulfillment and year-over-year continuity of this role is subject to funding. 
  • Expected salary range is from $69,700 to $81,400.
  • 100% employer-paid health, dental, and vision insurance premiums.
  • Vacation, sick and personal leave, including:
    • Accrue up to 120 hours of paid vacation starting in your first year, with additional hours after two, five, and ten years of service.
    • Accrue up to 160 hours annually of paid sick time starting in your first year.
    • WABA supports and promotes the health of its staff. You may use accrued sick time for unscheduled leave when not feeling well (mind or body), as well as for scheduled medical appointments.
    • Paid time off for holidays following the federal holiday calendar. 
  • Eight weeks paid parental leave and up to eight weeks of additional parental leave from the DC Paid Family Leave act (based on eligibility).
  • Immediate access to WABA’s 403(b) retirement program, with up to a 5% employer match after one year of service.
  • Optional commuter transit benefit (pre-tax deduction)
  • Optional voluntary insurance benefits including life insurance, short-term disability, and long-term disability.
  • A fun and relaxed workplace environment.

About the Washington Area Bicyclist Association

WABA empowers people to ride bikes, build connections, and transform places. We envision a just and sustainable transportation system where walking, biking, and transit are the best ways to get around. With more than 7,000 members region-wide, WABA serves people biking and walking throughout the Washington, DC Metropolitan Area, including the District of Columbia and parts of Maryland and Virginia.

Location

This position will be based in WABA’s Adams Morgan office. The Trail Ranger Associate Director role is classified as Hybrid Flex– working primarily remotely, but requiring routine in-person and in-office work. Specific in-person days are determined by the employee and their manager based on their annual work plan and program needs. Employees may be required to work additional days in the office or in the field to support specific projects or activities.

To Apply

Send a cover letter and resume to jobs@waba.org with Trail Ranger Associate Director in the subject line.

No phone calls please.

Position available immediately. Applications accepted until the position is filled.

WABA is committed to providing equal employment opportunity for all persons regardless of race, color, religion, national origin, marital status, arrest record or criminal convictions, political affiliation, sexual orientation or gender identity, disability, sex, or age.

We’re Hiring: Operations Manager

Do you find problem-solving satisfying? Like working on a wide range of projects in a day or week? Enjoy being the person with answers? 

We’re looking for an efficient, independent multi-tasker with a deep commitment to integrity and confidentiality to be WABA’s Operations Manager.

The Team

The Operations Manager is part of WABA’s Operations and Finance Team, which consists of the Executive Director, the Operations Manager, and the Bookkeeper (part-time). Together, the team keeps WABA running smoothly and efficiently, and works to ensure the highest integrity and compliance in the organization’s operations. The Operations Manager reports to the Executive Director.

The Job

The Operations Manager role encompasses five major bodies of work, with many other duties as assigned. In this role, you’ll take the lead on:

Supporting the Operations and Finance Team, which includes:

  • Supporting the Executive Director and Bookkeeper in WABA’s financial processes; 
  • Supporting the annual budgeting process;
  • Managing the annual audit process, tax filings and other recurring financial tasks;
  • Convening and facilitating operations and finance team meetings as appropriate.

Supporting Human Resources, which includes:

  • Working with a Human Resources consultant and the Executive Director to ensure WABA’s policies and procedures are compliant with best practices;
  • Working with a Human Resources consultant and other managers at WABA to support all parts of hiring, onboarding, payroll, benefits administration, and offboarding;
  • Organizing and maintaining all personnel files;
  • Coordinating regular staff appreciation activities and gifts and/or celebration events that help make WABA a great place to work;

Coordinating Information Technology, which includes:

  • Working with external IT provider to ensure all staff and organization IT needs are met, and that all technology and systems are up to date and operating smoothly 
  • Maintaining computer, phone, and equipment inventory, as well as identifying opportunities for upgrades and improvements, in consultation with IT provider
  • Managing systems onboarding and access for Google Workspace, LastPass, internal network, phone system, and others systems as applicable, emphasizing the user experience and secure and efficient operations.

Facilities Management, which includes:

  • Ensuring the WABA office is a safe and productive office environment for all staff, with attention to their professional and personal needs
  • Organizing all repairs and maintenance; maintaining relationships with the building ownership, property management, other relevant vendors
  • Owning all elements of routine office management, such as shipping and receiving, mail processing, and office visitors and access.
  • Coordinating staff use of shared spaces, equipment and digital resources

Organizational Management, which includes:

  • Maintaining WABA’s 501c3 status and “clean hands” status with the DC government
  • Supporting the board of directors in integrating to the WABA ecosystem, including Google Drive support, scheduling online and in-person meetings, and other requests

The Operations Manager role is classified as Hybrid, performing work in the office and remotely as assigned by their manager. Employees may be required to work additional days in the office or in the field as needed to support specific projects or activities.

Core Skills and Experience 

Consider applying if you meet at least 75% of these requirements:

  • 3-5 years of relevant professional experience that involves prioritizing multiple projects and tasks with critical deadlines;
  • Knowledge of basic human resources concepts and practices, along with a willingness to learn more;
  • Knowledge of basic accounting concepts and practices, along with a willingness to learn more;
  • Demonstrated ability to manage multiple projects on overlapping timelines;
  • Demonstrated experience problem solving on a deadline;
  • Commitment to confidentiality and professionalism when handling sensitive information;
  • Impeccable attention to detail;
  • Experience working on diverse teams of staff and volunteers;
  • Comfort and fluency with Mac OS and Google Suite (Gmail, Chat, Drive, Sheets, Docs);
  • Driver’s License and willingness to drive a 20ft Cargo Van;
  • Must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 pursuant to Mayor’s Order 2021-099, Section II and Mayor’s Order 2021-147, Section VI, or be eligible for an exemption as defined by the District of Columbia Mayor’s Order 2021-099, Section III.

Useful Skills and Experience

If you have this experience or these skills, let us know. You don’t need them to be considered for the position, but you should be eager to learn them:    

  • Experience in nonprofit operations;
  • Experience using a Constituent Relationship Management (CRM) tool, like Salesforce;
  • Experience managing vendors and contractors
  • Experience managing HR or IT consultants.
  • You don’t need to ride a bike to apply, but you should be interested in engaging with the intersections between transportation, social justice, and the environment.

Benefits

  • Full-time employment.
  • Expected salary range is from $49,200 to $61,600.
  • 100% employer-paid health, dental, and vision insurance premiums.
  • Vacation, sick and personal leave, including:
    • Accrue up to 120 hours of paid vacation starting in your first year, with additional hours after two, five, and ten years of service.
    • Accrue up to 160 hours annually of paid sick time starting in your first year.
    • WABA supports and promotes the health of its staff. You may use accrued sick time for unscheduled leave when not feeling well (mind or body), as well as for scheduled medical appointments.
    • Paid time off for holidays following the federal holiday calendar. 
  • Eight weeks paid parental leave and up to eight weeks of additional parental leave from the DC Paid Family Leave act (based on eligibility).
  • Immediate access to WABA’s 403(b) retirement program, with up to a 5% employer match after one year of service.
  • Optional commuter transit benefit (pre-tax deduction)
  • Optional voluntary insurance benefits including life insurance, short-term disability, and long-term disability.
  • A fun and relaxed workplace environment.

About the Washington Area Bicyclist Association

WABA empowers people to ride bikes, build connections, and transform places. We envision a just and sustainable transportation system where walking, biking, and transit are the best ways to get around. With more than 7,000 members region-wide, WABA serves people biking and walking throughout the Washington, DC Metropolitan Area, including the District of Columbia and parts of Maryland and Virginia.

To Apply

Send a cover letter and resume to jobs@waba.org with Operations Manager in the subject line.

No phone calls please.

Position available immediately. Applications accepted until the position is filled.

WABA is committed to providing equal employment opportunity for all persons regardless of race, color, religion, national origin, marital status, arrest record or criminal convictions, political affiliation, sexual orientation or gender identity, disability, sex, or age.